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Cycling downhill: has Copenhagen hit peak bike?

Dec 2nd, 2017 by

The share of trips taken by bike in Denmark’s capital has fallen. With ever more cars on the road and a new metro line about to open, can Copenhagen reach its target to have half of all journeys made by bike?

It’s 8am on a rainy weekday morning on Copenhagen’s Nørrebrogade street and the stream of cyclists making their way into city centre is already getting jammed.

Cyclists often have to wait through two or three rounds of green lights before they can get past. At Dronning Louise Bridge – one of the busiest cycle routes in the world, with 48,400 bikes crossing each day – newly installed information boards remind riders to pas på hinanden, or be aware of each other.

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Steroids, syringes and stigma: the quest for the perfect male six-pack – video

Dec 2nd, 2017 by

In the search for a quick route to a muscular physique, many young men turn to controversial anabolic steroids to achieve their goals. But in the wake of deaths in the bodybuilding community, do the statistics showing a fourfold increase in their use, really add up?

Under Construction footage courtesy Dave Crosland / JG Films

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Marriage could help reduce risk of dementia, study suggests

Dec 2nd, 2017 by

Compared with married couples, single people have a 42% elevated risk of dementia, and those who have been widowed a 20% increase, researchers find

Being married could help stave off dementia, a new study has suggested.

Levels of social interaction could explain the finding, experts have said, after the research showed that people who are single or widowed are more likely to develop the disease.

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Five-a-day eating targets ‘will be unaffordable for millions after Brexit’

Dec 2nd, 2017 by

Thinktank says consumption of fruit and vegetables could be hit by exchange rates, tariffs and higher labour costs

Five-a-day eating targets for fruit and vegetables could become unaffordable for millions of low-income families as a result of Brexit-related food price rises, a report says.

The Food Foundation says that already-feeble consumption rates of healthy food in the UK could nosedive under Brexit because the triple impact of exchange rates, labour costs and tariffs could add up to £158 a year to the amount a family of four spends on fruit and vegetables.

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Only one in 10 Americans eat enough fruits and vegetables, CDC study finds

Dec 2nd, 2017 by

Only 12% meet the daily fruit recommendation and 9% the vegetable recommendation, and people living in poverty have especially low rates

Only a sliver of Americans eat enough fresh fruits and vegetables, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Just 12% of Americans eat the minimum daily fruit recommendation of one and a half to two cups per day, and only 9% consume the minimum daily vegetable recommendation of two to three cups per day, according to the study, published on Thursday.

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Breastfeeding could reduce eczema risk in children, new research suggests

Dec 2nd, 2017 by

Study examining the impact of breastfeeding support programmes shows 54% reduction in eczema for children involved

Breastfeeding could reduce the risk of eczema in children, according to new research into the impact of programmes designed to support new mothers in feeding their babies.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that babies should be fed just breast milk for six months to help protect them from infection, prevent allergies and provide nutrients and energy.

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How Wellcome sent a medicine collector to wander Asia for a decade

Dec 2nd, 2017 by

UK exhibition tells story of Paira Mall, an Indian doctor dispatched by a millionaire in 1911 to send back Ayurvedic materials

In 1911 a young Indian doctor was kitted out by the patent medicines millionaire and obsessive collector Henry Wellcome, to go back to India and collect material relating to the ancient practice of Ayurvedic medicine.

Related: V&A acquires segment of Robin Hood Gardens council estate

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Doctors develop ‘transformational’ new DNA test for Down’s syndrome

Dec 2nd, 2017 by

New test more accurate than current screening in detecting Down’s, Edwards and Patau syndromes and could simplify screening process, say researchers

Doctors have developed a more accurate test for Down’s syndrome and two rarer genetic disorders that are so serious the children often die soon after birth.

UK hospitals that adopted the test as part of a medical project found that it picked up nearly all affected pregnancies and slashed the number of women who wrongly tested positive, sparing them the anxiety of needless follow-up tests.

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Rapid use of blood drug could save thousands of lives, study finds

Dec 2nd, 2017 by

Analysis shows chance of death from blood loss is 70% less likely if cheap, widely used tranexamic acid is administered promptly

Immediate treatment with a cheap and widely available clot-stabilising drug could save the lives of thousands of people each year, including women with severe bleeding after childbirth, a study has found.

A meta-analysis of more than 40,000 patients found that the likelihood of death due to blood loss was reduced by more than 70% if tranexamic acid was administered straight after injury or birth.

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Streptococcus vaccine ‘could prevent over 100,000 baby deaths worldwide’

Dec 2nd, 2017 by

Experts call for more work to be done to develop vaccine for infection commonly carried by pregnant women, which can cause stillbirth and death

More than 100,000 stillbirths and baby deaths worldwide could be prevented by the development of a vaccine against an infection commonly carried by pregnant women, according to a groundbreaking report.

The impact of disease caused by group B streptococcus (GBS) has not been properly chronicled before and only in relatively recent years has anyone taken seriously its role in the deaths of babies in the womb as well as in the early days of life.

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