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Testicular cancer: men most at risk could be identified using new gene group

Jul 2nd, 2017 by

Discovery of 19 new genes could allow doctors to spot the 1% of men most at risk of the cancer, allowing closer monitoring or preventative treatment

Researchers believe they can identify the 1% of men who are most at risk from testicular cancer after they discovered a new group of genes linked to the disease.

Screening men for the 19 new genes, along with 25 known already, would allow doctors to spot those who are 14 times more likely than usual to develop the cancer, the scientists said.

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Global study finds 75% of pregnant women don’t have healthy weight gain

Jul 2nd, 2017 by

Data from Asia, US and Europe finds 23% do not gain enough weight and more than 50% gain too much, increasing risk of premature birth and caesareans

A comprehensive new study has found 75% of women are not gaining a healthy recommended weight when pregnant.

Gaining too little or too much weight during pregnancy increased the risk of premature births or requiring caesareans, it said, and the prevalence of both obesity and excess gestational weight gain was increasing.

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Chloë Grace Moretz ‘appalled and angry’ over body-shaming poster

Jul 2nd, 2017 by

The billboard for the actor’s new animated film Red Shoes and the 7 Dwarfs has attracted criticism for its beauty standards message

Actor Chloë Grace Moretz has spoken out against a promotional poster for her new film Red Shoes and the 7 Dwarfs, which has been accused of body-shaming.

The poster for the South Korean film, an animated parody of the Snow White tale, was first brought to widespread attention by a New York Magazine journalist at the Cannes film festival last week. It features two versions of the film’s lead character, one tall and thin, the other shorter and wider. The accompanying text reads: “What if Snow White was no longer beautiful and the 7 Dwarfs not so short?”

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Teenagers’ sleep quality and mental health at risk over late-night mobile phone use

Jul 2nd, 2017 by

Researchers advise ‘physical boundaries’ over devices in bedrooms after study finds poor sleep associated with phone use linked to depressed moods

Teenagers’ late-night mobile phone use is harming their sleep and potentially their mental health, say researchers who advised that “physical boundaries” be set over use of such devices in the bedroom.

A longitudinal study of 1,101 Australian high school students aged between 13 and 16 found poor-quality sleep associated with late-night texting or calling was linked to a decline in mental health, such as depressed moods and declines in self-esteem and coping ability.

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Too many children being prescribed melatonin to aid sleep, experts warn

Jul 2nd, 2017 by

Some specialists concerned use of hormone has become a ‘fashionable treatment’ for parents who want ‘perfect children’

The hormone melatonin is being handed out too readily to children who are struggling to sleep, despite the fact little is known about the long-term risks of taking it, experts have warned.

Melatonin, a hormone the body produces naturally in reaction to darkness that helps prepare us for sleep, has been authorised for use among the over-55s, and has been hailed as a less-addictive alternative to drug treatments for insomnia.

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Bigger wine glasses make us drink too much, says researcher

Jul 2nd, 2017 by

Today’s glasses, 450ml compared with 65ml 300 years ago, encourage consumption, Cambridge scientist tells Hay festival

Wine glasses have increased in size from a capacity of 65ml 300 years ago to 450ml today and the change has encouraged us to drink far more than we should, according to a behavioural scientist speaking at the Hay festival.

Theresa Marteau, director of the behaviour and health research unit at Cambridge University, said her team had looked at 18th-century wine glasses at the Ashmolean museum in Oxford, 19th-century wine glasses owned by Buckingham Palace, and more recent glasses in John Lewis catalogues and the evidence was clear: they had got bigger.

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Statins help improve heart function and structure, study finds

Jul 2nd, 2017 by

Researchers using MRI scans of participants found those taking the cholesterol medicines were less likely to have a thickened heart muscle (left ventricular hypertrophy)

Statins not only lower cholesterol but can improve the structure and function of the heart, research has shown.

People taking the drugs were less likely to have abnormally enlarged hearts, a sign of stress and weakness, scientists said.

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Unhealthy Britain: half of adults walk less than a mile a day – survey

Jul 2nd, 2017 by

Poll commissioned by Cancer Research UK finds 52% of adults walk only 2,000 steps a day, figures described as ‘worrying’ and likely to increase cancer risk

Britons are being urged to take to their feet after research showed more than half of adults walk less than a mile a day.

A poll of 2,198 adults conducted by YouGov and commissioned by the charity Cancer Research UK found that on average 52% of UK adults walk a mile a day or less during the week – the equivalent of 2,000 steps – and almost a fifth (17%) walk less than a quarter of a mile.

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Air pollution linked to poor sleep, study finds

Jul 2nd, 2017 by

Exposure to nitrogen dioxide and airborne particles affects sleep efficiency, says medical professor

Air pollution might be linked to poor sleep, say researchers looking into the impact of toxic air on our slumbers.

Related: Looking tired can harm your social life, say researchers

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Could weed be used to treat period pain?

Jul 2nd, 2017 by

There are reports cannabis will be approved by New York legislators to treat period pain. The evidence is unclear, but that doesn’t mean the drug can be ruled out

According to reports this week, marijuana is about to be approved to treat period pains by legislators in New York. Cannabis is already allowed for medicinal use in 29 American states for a variety of conditions such as cancer, HIV or Aids, severe nausea, seizures and persistent muscle spasms (for example with people who have multiple sclerosis). Could period pains really be joining that list, and is there any evidence that it works?

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